Medieval commentary traditions, Latin paleography, prosemetric allegory, the codicology of classical reception, textual criticism.

research profile

My primary research focuses on the commentary traditions surrounding the works of Ovid in the Middle Ages. The Ovidian commentaries of Arnulf of Orléans and John of Garland's Integumenta Ouidii are my major, long-term projects. Currently, I am continuing to research and critically edit the grammatical and allegorical commentaries on the Metamorphoses by Arnulf of Orléans, the 12th-c. school master at St. Euverte. More broadly, in addition to the ways the Ovidian corpus was read, I am particularly interested in what the manuscript formats can tell us about the use of various commentaries. The manuscript context of each commentary--whether grammatical gloss, allegorical exposition, integument, versification, or prose paraphrase--is essential to the understanding of the commentary, its utilitarian tradition, and ultimately should inform editorial principles when preparing a critical edition.

As Curator of Ancient and Medieval Manuscripts at the University of Notre Dame, my secondary research interests are dictated by the collections in the Hesburgh Library. At present, I am preparing a descriptive catalogue of the collection's Greek and Byzantine manuscripts, as well as articles on various codicological, paleographical, and text critical topics dealing with the collection's western manuscripts and fragments.

Glosulae et allegoriae Ouidii Metamorphoseon Rufi Arnulfi Aurelianensis (approved by CC CM editorial board, June 2018).
[Arnulf of Orléans' commentary to Ovid's Metamorphoses]

A critical edition of Arnulf of Orléans' accessus, grammatical glosses, and allegories to Ovid's Metamorphoses composed c. 1175. The edition takes into account over 60 manuscripts of the commentary, discerns their textual relationships, and critically edits the text with apparatus criticus and apparatus fontium. Portions are based on my 2010 doctoral dissertation, "A critical edition and study of Arnulf of Orléans' philological commentary to Ovid's Metamorphoses,"  (Ohio State) which deciphered the manuscript tradition of the accessus and glosulae, and critically edited the accessus nd glosses to books 3, 7, 8, and 11. The current project presents the full commentary (grammatical and allegorical) in its late 12th and early 13th-century manuscript context, in which each portion alternates per book of the Metamorphoses. Arnulf's commentary proved to be among the most influential, circulating for three centuries in a variety of formats and informing the humanist reception of the text among figures like Zomino da Pistoia and Damiano da Pola.


A Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts of the University of Notre Dame and Saint Mary's College. University of Notre Dame Press, 2016. xxxiv +716 pp. +8 color plates. [Reviews :Scriptorium, Bulletin Codicologique 2017.2, 177-178 The Medieval Review 18.03.16; Parergon 35 (2018): 219-220; Medievalia et Humanistica 44 (2018): 119-121]

"A Ninth-Century Fragment of Basil of Caesarea's De Spiritu sancto and a Lost Majuscule Codex,” Byzantion 89 (2019): 49-80.

"The Ovidian Allegorical Schoolbook: Arnulf of Orléans and John of Garland Take Over a Thirteenth-Century Manuscript," Pecia 20 (2017, publ. 2018): 7-42.

"Living with Ovid: The Founding of Arnulf of Orléans’ Thebes,” in Manuscripts of the Latin Classics 800-1200, ed. E. Kwakkel, 131-166. Leiden University Press, 2015.  [Reviews: Speculum 91 (2016): 517-518; Quaerendo 46 (2016): 83-99; Manuscript Studies 1 (2016): 353-356]

 “A Hitherto Unknown Book of Hours from the Amiénois: Notre Dame, Saint Mary’s College, Cushwa-Leighton Library, MS 3: or the Le Féron-Grisel Hours,” Manuscripta 56 (2012): 227-268.

 “From the Orléanais to Pistoia: The Survival of the Catena Commentary,” Manuscripta 54 (2010): 171-188.

co-authored articles
 K.V. Manukyan, M. Raddell, E. Sestak, D. T. Gura, Z. D. Schultz, M. Wiescher, "Pigment and Ink Analysis of Medieval Books through Complementary Spectroscopy Techniques, " Journal of Global Archeology & Anthropology 3.4 (2018): 555619.

K. V. Manukyan, B .J. Guerin, E. J. Stech, A. Aprahamian, M. Wiescher, D. T. Gura, Z. D. Schultz, “Multiscale X-ray Fluorescence Mapping Complemented by Raman Spectroscopy for Pigment Analysis of a 15th-century Breton Manuscript,” Analytical Methods 8 (2016): 7696-7701.

under contract & forthcoming
 “Testamentum porcelli” in The Oxford Guide to the Transmission of the Latin Classics. Oxford University Press. [completed]
 “Notitia urbis Romae,” in The Oxford Guide to the Transmission of the Latin Classics. Oxford University Press. [completed]

articles under review
"New Manuscript Evidence for the Circulation of Adenet le Roi's Berte aus grans piés" (14,000 words).

“A Prose Summary of Ovid’s Metamorphoses from Fourteenth-Century Italy: Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Ross. 228” (16,000 words).

book reviews
Christian Meyer with Barbara Haggh-Huglo and Shin Nishimagi, Catalogue des manuscrits notés du Moyen Âge conservés dans les Bibliothèques publiques de France: Collections du Nord-Pas-de-Calais et de Picardie: Abbeville, Amiens, Arras, Bergues, Boulogne-sur-mer, Cambrai 4.1 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2014) in Speculum 91 (2016): 529-530.

Rodney M. Thomson, Catalogue of Medieval Manuscripts of Latin Commentaries on Aristotle in British Libraries Volume II: Cambridge (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013) in Manuscripta 58 (2014): 304-308.